优名网络
点评详情
发布于:2017-11-17 03:27:39  访问:170 次 回复:0 篇
版主管理 | 推荐 | 删除 | 删除并扣分
Finance, Credit, Investments - Economical Categories
Scientific works within the theories of finances and credit, based on the specification of the research object, are characterized to be many-sided and many-leveled.
The definition of totality of the economical relations formed in the process of formation, distribution and use of finances, as money sources is widely spread. For example, in "the general theory of finances" there`s two definitions of finances:
1) "...Finances reflect economical relations, formation from the funds of cash sources, in the process of distribution and redistribution of national receipts according to the distribution and usage". This definition is offered relatively to the conditions of Capitalism, when cash-commodity relations gain universal character;
2) "Finances represent the formation of centralized ad decentralized money sources, economical relations relatively using the distribution and usage, which serve for fulfillment of the state functions and obligations and also provision from the conditions of the widened further production". This definition is brought without showing environmental surroundings of their action. We share partly such explanation of finances and think expedient to make some specification.
First, finances overcome the bounds of distribution and redistribution service from the national income, although it is really a basic foundation of finances. Also, formation and use of the depreciation fund the a part of financial domain, belongs to not the distribution and redistribution of the national income (of recently formed value during a year), but towards the distribution of already developed value.
This latest first seems to be a part of worth of main industrial funds, later it is moved to the price cost of a ready product (that`s to the value too) and after its realization, which is set the depression fund. Its source is taken into consideration before hand as a depression kind in the consistence of the ready products price range.
Second, main goal of finances is much wider then "fulfillment from the state functions and obligations and provision of conditions for the widened further production". Finances exist around the state level as well as on the manufactures and branches` level too, as well as in such conditions, when the greater degree from the manufactures are not state.
V. M. Rodionova has a different position about this subject: "real formation from the savings begins around the stage of distribution, once the value is realized and concrete economical forms of the realized value are separated from the consistence of the profit". V. M. Rodionova bakes an accent of finances, as distributing relations, when D. S. Moliakov underlines industrial first step toward finances. Though both of them give quite substantiate discussion of finances, as a system of formation, distribution and usage of the funds of cash sources, which comes out of the following definition of the finances: "financial cash relations, which forms while distribution and redistribution from the partial worth of the national wealth and total social product, is expounded with the subjects of the economy and formation and use of their state cash incomes and savings within the widened further production, in the material stimulation from the workers for satisfaction of the society social and other requests".
1) expression of essence and phenomenon in the definition of finances;
2) the phrase finances, because the system of the creation and usage of funds of cash sources around the degree of phenomenon.
3) Distribution of finances as social product and the value of national income, definition of the distributions planned character, priority objectives of the economy and economical relations, for servicing which it`s used.
If refuse the preposition "socialistic" within the definition of finances, we may say, it still keeps actuality. We meet with such traditional definitions of finances, with no adjective "socialistic", in the current economical literature. We might give such an elucidation: "finances represent cash resources of production and usage, also cash relations appeared while distributing values of formed economical product and national wealth for formation and further production of the cash incomes and savings of the economical subjects and state, rewarding of the workers and satisfaction from the social requests". in olymp trade this elucidation of finances like D. S. Moliakov and V. M. Rodionov`s definitions, following a traditional inheritance, we talk with the widening of the financial foundation. They concern "distribution and redistribution from the worth of created economical product, also the partial distribution from the value of national wealth". This latest is very actual, relatively to the process of privatization and the transition to privacy and it is periodically used in practice in different countries, for instance, Great Britain and France.
"Finances - are cash sources, financial resources, their creation and movement, distribution and redistribution, usage, also economical relations, that are conditioned by intercalculations between your economical subjects, movement of money sources, money circulation and usage".
"Finances are the system of economical relations, that are connected with firm creation, distribution and use of financial resources".
We talk with absolutely innovational definitions of finances in Z. Body and R. Merton`s basis manuals. "Finance - it`s the science about how exactly the folks lead spending `the deficit cash resources and incomes in the definite period of time. The financial decisions are characterized by the price and incomes that are 1) separated over time, and a pair of) as a rule, it is impossible to take them into consideration beforehand neither by people who get decisions nor every other person" . "Financial theory consists of numbers of the conceptions... which learns systematically the subjects of distribution of the cash resources relatively to the time factor; it also considers quantitative models, with the help of that the estimation, putting into practice and realization from the alternative variants of every financial decisions take place" .
These basic conceptions and quantitative models are utilized at every level of getting financial decisions, but in the latest definition of finances, we meet with the next doctrine from the financial foundation: main purpose of the finances is in the satisfaction of the people`s requests; the subjects of economical activities of any sort (firms, also state organs of each and every level) are directed towards fulfilling this basic function.
For that goals of our monograph, you should compare well-known definitions about finances, credit and investment, to decide how and just how much it is possible to integrate the finances, investments and credit into the one total part.
共0篇回复 每页10篇 页次:1/1
共0篇回复 每页10篇 页次:1/1
我要回复
回复内容
验 证 码
看不清?更换一张
匿名发表 


安平县网站建设|安平网络公司|安平县网站制作-安平县优名网站优化有限公司

电话:18831815322  QQ:1354433915